Nyctanthes arbor-tristis( Parijat)

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, also known as Parijat or Night-flowering Jasmine, is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree with dark green leaves. It produces fragrant, star-shaped white flowers with orange centers that bloom at night. Adaptable to tropical and subtropical climates, Parijat adds beauty and fragrance to gardens. Its cultural significance and therapeutic properties make it a cherished plant in South Asian regions.

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Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, commonly known as Parijat or Night-flowering Jasmine, is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree that belongs to the family Oleaceae. Native to South Asia, particularly India and Nepal, it is highly valued for its fragrant flowers and ornamental appeal. Here is a detailed description of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis:


Parijat is a slow-growing tree that can reach a height of 15 to 33 feet (4.5 to 10 meters) with a spread of 10 to 20 feet (3 to 6 meters). It has a compact and rounded crown with dense foliage. The leaves are simple, opposite, and dark green, with an elliptical shape and serrated margins. They measure around 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 centimeters) in length.


The flowers of Nyctanthes arbor-tristis are the highlight of the plant. They are highly fragrant and open at night, hence the common name “Night-flowering Jasmine.” Each flower is small, tubular, and has a white corolla with a bright orange or golden-yellow tube-like center. The flowers are star-shaped, and their petals are delicate and thin. They bloom profusely during the summer and autumn months, creating a stunning display and releasing a captivating fragrance.


Parijat is well-suited to tropical and subtropical climates. It prefers full sun to partial shade and well-draining soil. It is relatively drought-tolerant but benefits from regular watering during dry spells. This tree is adaptable and can be grown in gardens, as an ornamental specimen, or in containers. It is also considered sacred in Hindu mythology and is often planted near temples and houses.


Nyctanthes arbor-tristis is primarily grown for its ornamental value. The fragrant and beautiful flowers make it a popular choice for gardens, courtyards, and parks. The flowers are used in traditional garlands, and their fragrance is captured in perfumes and incense. In Ayurvedic medicine, various parts of the plant are used for their therapeutic properties, including anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.


Parijat requires minimal maintenance once established. Regular watering is needed during dry periods, especially when the tree is young. Pruning can be done to maintain its shape and remove any dead or damaged branches. Mulching around the base of the tree helps retain moisture and suppresses weed growth.


Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, or Parijat, is a beautiful and fragrant tree known for its night-flowering, star-shaped white flowers with orange centers. Its ornamental appeal and cultural significance make it a cherished plant in South Asian gardens. With its delicate foliage and captivating fragrance, Parijat adds a touch of elegance and beauty to outdoor spaces, creating a mesmerizing experience for admirers.


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